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13/09/2022 · Normally, images are RGB, which means they have 3 channels, one for red, one for green and one for blue. That normally means that each pixel takes 3 bytes of storage, one for red, one for green and one for blue. If you have a P mode image, that means it is palettised. That means there is a palette with up to 256 different colours in it, and

The bearing capacity of soil is the maximum average contact pressure between the foundation and the soil which should not produce shear failure in the soil. Ultimate bearing capacity (qf) is the theoretical maximum pressure which can be supported without failure; allowable bearing capacity (qa) is the ultimate bearing capacity divided by a

differences between your plant and a neighboring plant in terms of size, ground area, shape of tanks (circular or rectangular), or the types of treatment processes they use. What is wastewater? Wastewater or sewage is the byproduct of many uses of water. There are the uses such as showering, dishwashing, laundry and, of course, flushing the toilet. Additionally,

This mass balance equation can be written with other variables than the concentration in mass, namely : the molar concentration c i = ˆ i=M i, the mass fraction ! i = ˆ i=ˆor the molar fraction x i = c i=cwhere M i is the molar mass of i, ˆis the total mass

There are three types of pool filters (sand, cartridge, and DE) and all of them have different maximum flow rates based on their surface area. Make sure you stay below the maximum flow rates for your filter system or you could end up damaging it. Here are the flow rates for common filter types and sizes. Sand Filters. As a general rule of thumb, sand filters typically fall

phase difference of 180° between the transmitted force and the disturbing force (F cos .t). The value of must be greater than 2 if is to be less than 1 and it is the numerical value of, independent of any phase difference between the forces that may exist which is important. It is therefore more convenient to use equation

If you write E=mc 2, then this is the energy of a mass which is at rest; or else it means that the mass has a different meaning from what you usually think of when it is moving with speed v, namely m=m 0 /√(1-(v 2 /c 2)) where m 0 is the mass of the particle at rest, what you usually think of as inertial mass.

17/02/2022 · m is the mass. and a is the acceleration. Then, F = ma. Acceleration is measured in metres per second per second (or metres per second squared, abbreviated to m/s 2) We can also rearrange the equation so. a = F / m. So for larger masses,

Water Recirculation System • Land-based closed-containment systems are essentially giant water treatment facilities • Recirculating water is the engine powering the system – flow carries OXYGEN to the culture unit – flow receives WASTES produced in the culture unit – flow carries WASTES out of the culture tank to the water treatment processes – flow creates the WATER

The principal difference between a lahar and a mudflow is _____. a. the shape of the path taken by the moving mass b. the grain size of the moving mass c. that the lahar contains abundant water, whereas the mudflow is dry d. that the lahar contains pyroclastic debris from

Difference Between River Sand And Manufactured Sand. Manufactured sand (M-Sand) is a substitute of river sand for concrete construction . Manufactured sand is produced from hard granite stone by crushing. The crushed sand is of cubical shape with grounded edges, washed and graded to as a construction material. The size of manufactured sand (M

23/08/2022 · As a main cause of mortality in developed countries, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is known as silent killer with a considerable cost to be dedicated for its treatment. Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) is a common remedy for CAD for which different blood vessels are used as a detour. There is a lack of knowledge about mechanical properties of human blood vessels

Substituting into the formula we get: 8 3,14 11,14 11+= ≈kW B. Calculation of the heat pump cycle Object area is 180 m2 and the height of the wall is 2,8 m. From the known facts, the volume of the object can be calculated: V Ah=⋅= ⋅ =180 2,8 504m3 (6)

This discharge diagram is for circular pipes flowing full. The diagram applies to Class 2 Circular concrete pipes, which are the pipes generally used in drainage design. For larger load classes ( Class 3) a diagram applicable to the higher load, or the formula, must be used. Manning's formula. Manning's formula is: V = 1/n x R2/3 x S1/2. where

Typical Formula: Typical Strength: Typical Forms Used in Water Treatment: Density : Typical Uses: Aluminum sulfate: Al 2 (SO 4) 3 · 14 to 18 H 2 O: 17% Al2O3: lump, granular, or powder: 60-70 lb/ft 3: primary coagulant: Alum % Al2O3: liquid: lb/gal Aluminum chloride: AlCl 3 ·6H 2 O: 35% AlCl 3: liquid: lb/gal: primary coagulant: Ferric sulfate: Fe 2 (SO 4) 3 ·9H 2

10/10/2022 · The long-term application of excessive chemical fertilizers has resulted in the degeneration of soil quality parameters such as soil microbial biomass, communities, and nutrient content, which in turn affects crop health, productivity, and soil sustainable productivity. The objective of this study was to develop a rapid and efficient solution for rehabilitating degraded

is the difference in total head between two points in the soil. Permeability or the coefficient of permeability (k)Vertical sand drains, horizontal drainage (d = L/2) Back to One-dimensional consolidation theory Solution using parabolic isochrones. Solution for t < t c case; Solution for t > t c case; Isochrones can be approximated to parabolas, affording reasonably accurate solutions

The Plinth Area of the house is calculated at the house floor level of any story or at the house floor level of the building wise it is calculated as the sum of the Carpet Area of the building, area of the balcony, and areas of the It is mandatory to calculate the plinth area length of a building to be 1-inch adjacent if the unit of measurement used is in feet.

Tonnage by weight, or displacement, is the weight of water displaced by a loaded vessel. This weight is expressed in metric tons. A metric ton is the weight of 1 m 3 of fresh water. Tonnage by volume is based on the English system of the measure of cubic capacity. In this system, 100 ft 3 is called a ton. It is equal to m 3.

They consist of two or more layers of different granular materials, with different densities. Usually, anthracite coal, sand, and gravel are used. The different layers combined may provide more versatile collection than a single sand layer. Because of the differences in densities, the layers stay neatly separated, even after backwashing.

m wide x m long, and the boards are separated by stickers cm wide x cm thick that are spaced m apart. T=65ºC Tw=57ºC T=62ºC. Evaporative cooling: Example 10 Given: T1 = 65°C; Tw1 = 57°C Adiabatic cooling to T2 = 62°C Air flow rate = 2 m/s Volume of lumber = m3 Board thickness = cm Stack dimensions: m wide x m long Sticker dimensions:

The Solar Constant. The Sun is considered to produces a constant amount of energy. At the surface of the Sun the intensity of the solar radiation is about ×10 7 W/m 2 (note that this is a power, in watts, per unit area in meters). As the Sun's rays spread out into space the radiation becomes less intense and by the time the rays reach the edge of the Earth's atmosphere they

Free online Buoyancy calculator with which you can calculate the buoyant force experienced by an object submerged in a liquid substance like sea water, oil, gasoline, etc. The calculator requires that you know the fluid density in imperial or metric units, as well as the volume occupied by the body / object for which the buoyant force is calculated.

And I'm gonna get a little bit mathy here. You don't have to know the math for the context of a biology course, but you need to know what the conclusion is that the math is going to give us. So if this is a sphere of radius r, the surface area of this sphere is going to be four pi r squared, and the volume of this sphere is going to be 4/3 pi r

The major difference in the two main grades is the amount of starting material (sodium chloride) remaining in the final product. Membrane grade caustic soda will have less than 100 ppm of the sodium chloride remaining in the product. Diaphragm grade material will have less than % sodium chloride. Several other differences can be seen in the products when the specification

Correlation between recirculation rate and ionic dialysance (r=-, P<0,001)The effect of sodium load or unload on the whole body water when performing the conductivity variations has erroneously been neglected. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that different types of conductivity variations – each with specific sodium loads – differ in their results under the same conditions.